Difference between revisions of "通用预报接口/v2.2"

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(示例2如下)
Line 113: Line 113:
 
     tzshift:28800,
 
     tzshift:28800,
 
}
 
}
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
=='''变量说明'''==
 
<blockquote>逐小时预报,没有生活指数变量</blockquote>
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
! 名称
 
! 健值路径(jsonpath) !! 量 !! 时间粒度 !! 地理范围 !! 注释
 
|-
 
! 温度
 
| $.result.hourly.temperature.value || 温度 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表2米气温
 
|-
 
! 气压
 
| $.result.hourly.pres.value || 气压(Pa) || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地面气压
 
|-
 
! 相对湿度
 
| $.result.hourly.humidity.value || 相对湿度(%) || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表2米湿度
 
|-
 
! 风向
 
| $.result.hourly.wind.direction.value || 风向 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表10米风向
 
|-
 
! 风速
 
| $.result.hourly.wind.speed.value || 风速 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表10米风速
 
|-
 
! 本地降水强度
 
| $.result.hourly.precipitation.value || 降水强度 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 本地降水强度
 
|-
 
! 云量
 
| $.result.hourly.cloudrate.value || 云量(0.0-1.0) || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 全天总云量
 
|-
 
! 短波辐射
 
| $.result.hourly.dswrf.value|| 向下短波辐射通量(W/M2) || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表向下短波辐射通量
 
|-
 
! 能见度
 
| $.result.hourly.visibility.value || 能见度 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 地表水平能见度
 
|-
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
|-
 
! 主要天气现象
 
| $.result.hourly.skycon.value || 天气状况 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 天气状况
 
|-
 
! 逐小时预报自然语言描述
 
| $.result.hourly.description || 舒适度指数自然语言 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 舒适度指数及其描述
 
|-
 
! 综合预报自然语言描述
 
| $.result.hourly.forecast_keypoint || 紫外线指数自然语言 || 逐小时预报 || 全球 || 逐小时和逐分钟天气预报,综合自然语言描述
 
|-
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
!
 
|-
 
! PM25浓度
 
| $.result.hourly.pm25.value || PM25浓度(μg/m3) || 逐小时预报 || 大陆、港澳台、暂无印度 || PM25浓度
 
|-
 
! AQI
 
| $.result.hourly.aqi.value || 国标AQI || 逐小时预报 || 大陆、港澳台、暂无印度 || 国标AQI
 
|}
 
 
==天气现象==
 
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
| 天气现象
 
! 代码
 
|-
 
|晴(白天)
 
|CLEAR_DAY
 
|-
 
|晴(夜间)
 
|CLEAR_NIGHT
 
|-
 
|多云(白天)
 
|PARTLY_CLOUDY_DAY
 
|-
 
|多云(夜间)
 
|PARTLY_CLOUDY_NIGHT
 
|-
 
|阴
 
|CLOUDY
 
|-
 
|大风
 
|WIND
 
|-
 
|雾霾
 
|HAZE
 
|-
 
|雨
 
|RAIN
 
|-
 
|雪
 
|SNOW
 
|}
 
 
==支持的单位制==
 
 
{{Template:彩云天气 API/支持的单位制}}
 

Revision as of 08:53, 20 November 2018

本文版本:通用预报接口/v2.2,当前稳定版本版本:v2.5,历史版本:v2.2v2.3,和 v2.4

授权与认证

请先至彩云开放平台注册,注册后可以获得 token 。

把您的 token 拼到 API 请求的 URL 中,如

https://api.caiyunapp.com/v2/TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN/121.6544,25.1552/weather.json

其中 TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN 就是一个共用测试 token 。不要把私有token 告诉任何人!

请求样例

示例1如下

https://api.caiyunapp.com/v2/TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN/121.6544,25.1552/hourly.json

https://api.caiyunapp.com/v2/TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN/121.6544,25.1552/hourly.jsonp?callback=MYCALLBACK

token:这里是测试 token ,即 TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN
经纬度:经度在前,纬度在后,中间用半角逗号隔开,这里是 121.6544,25.1552
返回格式:json 或者 jsonp,jsonp 需提供回调函数名

示例2如下

https://api.caiyunapp.com/v2/TAkhjf8d1nlSlspN/121.6544,25.1552/weather.json?lang=en_US&unit=metric&hourlysteps=2&daylysteps=2&getplacename=True
经纬度附近地址中英文名称:getplacename=True
语言选项 lang:(默认为简体中文(zh_CN)、繁体中文(zh_TW)、美式英语(en_US)、英式英语(en_GB))
单位制选项 unit:(默认为公制(metric)、科学单位体系(SI) 、英制(imperial))、(降水单位:mm/h)
时区偏移秒数:tzshift:(默认为东八区,tzshift=28800;例如:印度东5.5区,tzshift=3600*5.5==19800,v2.3之后版本,返回时区信息,使用秒是为了支持像尼泊尔这样的差 5 小时 45 分钟的地区,它们有非整齐的偏移量)
定制返回逐小时预报总小时数:hourlysteps:(默认为120小时)
定制返回逐日预报总日数:daylysteps:(默认为5天)
定制返回变量列表:fields=tmp,vis (默认返回所有变量,【'ast', 'rad', 'prc', 'tmp', 'wnd', 'hmd', 'cld', 'aqi', 'pm25', 'pm25w', 'sky', 'skyh', 'lfi', 'alr', 'pres', 'vis', 'dswrf'】)

返回结构和说明

<syntaxhighlight lang="javascript">

{ status:ok,

   api_version:v2.2,
   api_status:active,
   unit:metric,
   lang:en_US,
   result:{
       forecast_keypoint:cloudy, clear weather after 23 this midnight,
       primary:0,
       realtime:{status:ok,
                   temperature:-1.21,
                   pres:56320.24,
                   humidity:0.09,
                   wind:{direction:284.91,speed:30.12}},
                   precipitation:{local:{status:ok,intensity:0.0,datasource:gfs}},
                   cloudrate:0.3,
                   dswrf:677.9,
                   visibility:24.1,
                   
                   skycon:PARTLY_CLOUDY_DAY,
                   ultraviolet:{index:5.0,desc:Moderat},
                   comfort:{index:11,desc:Icy wind cold},
                   
                   pm25:3,
                   pm10:10.0,
                   o3:97.0,
                   no2:2.0,
                   so2:7.0,
                   co:0.4,
                   aqi:10,
       
       hourly:{status:ok,
                   description:cloudy, clear weather after 23 this midnight,
                   temperature:[{value:-1.21,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:-0.51,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}]},
                   pres:[{value:56320.2411405722,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:56309.4272949293,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   humidity:[{value:0.09,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:0.11,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   wind:[{direction:284.91,speed:30.12,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{direction:288.24,speed:32.91,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   precipitation:[{value:0.0,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:0.0,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   cloudrate:[{value:0.3,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:0.3,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   dswrf:[{value:677.9121814107,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:596.25984,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   visibility:[{value:24.1,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:24.1,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   skycon:[{value:PARTLY_CLOUDY_DAY,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:WIND,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   pm25:[{value:3,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:0,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
                   aqi:[{value:10,datetime:2018-11-20 16:00},{value:0,datetime:2018-11-20 17:00}],
       daily:{status:ok,
           
               temperature:[{date:2018-11-20,max:1.19,avg:-4.35,min:-16.0},{date:2018-11-21,max:2.0,avg:-7.32,min:-18.0}],
               pres:[{date:2018-11-20,max:56600.24,avg:56422.06,min:56309.43},{date:2018-11-21,max:56833.63,avg:56653.05,min:56553.63}],
               humidity:[{date:2018-11-20,max:0.23,avg:0.14,min:0.09},{date:2018-11-21,max:0.15,avg:0.11,min:0.06}],
               wind:[{date:2018-11-20,max:{direction:290.25,speed:35.9},avg:{direction:278.27,speed:19.65},min:{direction:230.17,speed:4.77}},{date:2018-11-21,max:{direction:276.13,speed:43.0},avg:{direction:262.47,speed:24.54},min:{direction:216.1,speed:12.48}}],
               precipitation:[{date:2018-11-20,max:0.0,avg:0.0,min:0.0},{date:2018-11-21,max:0.0,avg:0.0,min:0.0}],
               
               dswrf:[{date:2018-11-20,max:743.7,avg:321.5,min:0.0},{date:2018-11-21,max:748.3,avg:202.3,min:0.0}],
               cloudrate:[{date:2018-11-20,max:0.76,avg:0.49,min:0.0},{date:2018-11-21,max:0.15,avg:0.02,min:0.0}],
               visibility:[{date:2018-11-20,max:24.1,avg:24.1,min:24.1},{date:2018-11-21,max:24.1,avg:24.1,min:24.1}],
               
               skycon:[{date:2018-11-20,value:PARTLY_CLOUDY_DAY},{date:2018-11-21,value:CLEAR_DAY}],
               skycon_08h_20h:[{date:2018-11-20,value:CLEAR_DAY},{date:2018-11-21,value:CLEAR_DAY}]},
               skycon_20h_32h:[{date:2018-11-20,value:PARTLY_CLOUDY_NIGHT},{date:2018-11-21,value:CLEAR_NIGHT}],
               ultraviolet:[{index:5,desc:Very high,datetime:2018-11-20},{index:5,desc:Very high,datetime:2018-11-21}],
               comfort:[{index:13,desc:Dry cold,datetime:2018-11-20},{index:13,desc:Dry cold,datetime:2018-11-21}],
               carWashing:[{index:1,desc:Suitable,datetime:2018-11-20},{index:1,desc:Suitable,datetime:2018-11-21}],
               coldRisk:[{index:4,desc:Extremely prone,datetime:2018-11-20},{index:4,desc:Extremely prone,datetime:2018-11-21}],
               dressing:[{index:8,desc:Extremely cold,datetime:2018-11-20},{index:8,desc:Extremely cold,datetime:2018-11-21}],
               
               pm25:[{date:2018-11-20,max:3,avg:1.12,min:0},{date:2018-11-21,max:1,avg:0.58,min:0}],
               aqi:[{date:2018-11-20,max:10,avg:1.25,min:0},{date:2018-11-21,max:0,avg:0.0,min:0}],
               astro:[{date:2018-11-20,sunset:{time:19:07},sunrise:{time:08:40}},{date:2018-11-21,sunset:{time:19:07},sunrise:{time:08:41}}],
           
       minutely:{status:ok,
                   precipitation_2h:[0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0],
                   precipitation:[0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,
                   0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0,0.0],
                   datasource:gfs,
                   description:No snow in the next hour}
   },
   placename:Nyima, Nagqu, Tibet, China,
   location:[31.658613,
               87.815109]
   server_time:1542702509,
   tzshift:28800,

}